List of Major Rainforest Areas
Jian Feng Ling
Located between Dongfang and Ledong in the southwestern part of Hainan Island, the park was the first in Hainan to be awarded national park status. With an area of 447 square km, more than 3000 kinds of plants and over 4700 types of animals Jianfengling is China's largest and best preserved tropical rainforest.
- Fast busses from Haikou West Station to Huangliu Town in Ledong Country leave at 09:00, 13:30, and 15:30. Transfer to the Jianfeng Town Bus.
- Slow busses direct for Jianfeng Town leave from Haikou at 14:30, 15:30, and 16:30.
- Shuttles from the town to the top of the mountain leave every day at 10:00 or you can take a local taxi, moto-trike or motorcycle taxi.
Office: Peach Orchard Hotel
Office: Rainforest Valley Holiday Resort
Bawang Ridge National Forest Park
Spreading across parts of Aisha, Changjiang, and Dongfang Countries this area of nearly 120,000 hectares is almost entirely covered by forest. The forest here is typical of Hainanses tropical rainforest with a mild climate, abundant rainfall, numerous plant and animal species.
Over 2500 distinct varieties of plants and animals have been categorised as living in the forest including the extremely endangered Hainan Black Crested Gibbon (Hylobates concolor) only 19 are known to live in the wild. Bawangling is also home to the Chinese black Bear (Ursus thibetanus), Clouded Leopard (Neofelis nebulosa), and Sambar (Cervus unicolor).
This is one of the six areas in the Hainan Province that still has virgin tropical rainforest. Spread across parts of the Baoting, Lingshui, and Qiongzhou Countries the park covers an area of just under 18,400 hectares and is one of the largest nature reserves in all of China and a typical example of the rainforests native to southeastern Asia. The Cyatheacea trees (Alsophila spinulosa) found here are but one example of the many precious and endangered plants and animals found in this park.
- Coaches leave from Haikou South Station or Lingshui every 50 minutes between 07:20 and 19:10. Travel time is aout 3 hours. Coaches from Lingshui to Haikou leave once an hour from 07:20 to 18:00.
- From Lingshui Station busses to the Diaoluoshan Forestry Bureau are available everyday between 11:00 and 16:00. After you arrive at the forestry Bureau you can hike or take a local moto-trike.
Office: Diaoluoshan Holiday Willage
Limu Mountain National Forest Park
Located at the junction of the Baisha, Danzhou, and Qiongzhou Countries nearly half of the 13,000 hectares that make up this park are naturally covered with forest. More than 50 plants and nearly 60 animal species within the park are under state protection. Mountains in the park are as high as 1400 meters above sea level.
Five Finger Mountain
With a total area of around 13,600 hectares, Five Finger Mountain Nature Reserve is not only the largest nature reserve on Hainan Island but also owing to its proximity to Wuzhishan Mountain it is one of the most famous. It is located between the Wuzhishan and Qiongzhong Countries in central Hainan. The Wanquan and Changhua Rivers' headwaters are located inside the nature reserve. Over 400 different types of plants flourish here, of which, around 30 of them have been recognised for their medicinal value and more than 60 of them, have been awarded first or second level national protection status.
The Chicken Feather Pine (Podocarpus imbricatus pine), Hainan Five Needled Pine (Pinus fenzeliana), Hainanses Masson's Pine (Pinus Massoniana var. hainancensis) and Luohan Pine (Podocarpus annamiensis N.E. Gray) are but a few of the rare plants that can be seen here.
Animals that live in the nature reserve include doves, rabbits, the Red Muntjac or arking deer, (Muntiacus muntjak), Sambar (Cervus unicolor), the three struped box turtle (Cyclemys trifasciata), and wild boar.
Rare animals known to live in the reserve include Chinese Black Bears (Ursus thibetanus), Clouded Leopards (Neofelis nebulosa), Hainan Black Crested Gibbons (Hylobates concolor), Hainan Hill Partridge (Arborophila ardens), Malayan Pangolins (Mains pentadactyla), Rhesus Macaque (Macaca mulatta), the Small Indian Civet (Viverricula indica), the Silver Breasted Broadbill (Serilophus lunatus) and Water Monitor lizards (Varanus salvators).